|TGAMMA(3)||Linux Programmer's Manual||TGAMMA(3)|
NAMEtgamma, tgammaf, tgammal - true gamma function
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;or cc -std=c99
DESCRIPTIONThe Gamma function is defined by
Gamma(x) = integral from 0 to infinity of t^(x-1) e^-t dt
Gamma(m+1) = m!
Gamma(x+1) = x * Gamma(x)
Gamma(x) * Gamma(1 - x) = PI / sin(PI * x)
RETURN VALUEOn success, these functions return Gamma(x).
ERRORSSee math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
- Domain error: x is a negative integer, or negative infinity
- errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception ( FE_INVALID) is raised (but see BUGS).
- Pole error: x is +0 or -0
- errno is set to ERANGE. A divide-by-zero floating-point exception ( FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.
- Range error: result overflow
- errno is set to ERANGE. An overflow floating-point exception ( FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
glibc also gives the following error which is not specified in C99 or POSIX.1-2001.
- Range error: result underflow
- An underflow floating-point exception ( FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.
- errno is not set for this case.
VERSIONSThese functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.
CONFORMING TOC99, POSIX.1-2001.
NOTESThis function had to be called "true gamma function" since there is already a function gamma(3) that returns something else (see gamma(3) for details).
BUGSIf x is negative infinity, errno is not set (it should be set to EDOM).
SEE ALSOgamma(3), lgamma(3)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.