|MT(1)||FreeBSD General Commands Manual||MT(1)|
NAMEmt — magnetic tape manipulating program
|mt||[ -f tapename] command [ count]|
|mt||[ -f tapename] command argument|
DESCRIPTIONThe mt utility is used to command a magnetic tape drive for operations other than reading or writing data.
The -f option's tapename overrides the TAPE environment variable described below.
The available commands are listed below. Only as many characters as are required to uniquely identify a command need be specified.
The following commands optionally take a count, which defaults to 1.
- Write count end-of-file (EOF) marks at the current position.
- Write count setmarks at the current position (DDS drives only).
- Forward space count files.
- Forward space count records.
- Forward space count setmarks (DDS drives only).
- Backward space count files.
- Backward space count records.
- Backward space count setmarks (DDS drives only).
- Erase the tape using a long (often very long) method. With a count of 0, it will erase the tape using a quick method. Operation is not guaranteed if the tape is not at its beginning. The tape will be at its beginning upon completion.
The following commands ignore count.
- Read the hardware block position. The block number reported is specific for that hardware only. With drive data compression especially, this position may have more to do with the amount of data sent to the drive than the amount of data written to tape. Some drives do not support this.
- Read the SCSI logical block position. This typically is greater than the hardware position by the number of end-of-file marks. Some drives do not support this.
- Rewind the tape.
- offline, rewoffl
- Rewind the tape and place the drive off line. Some drives are never off line.
- Re-tension the tape. This winds the tape from the current position to the end and then to the beginning. This sometimes improves subsequent reading and writing, particularly for streaming drives. Some drives do not support this.
- Output status information about the drive. For SCSI magnetic tape devices, the current operating modes of density, blocksize, and whether compression is enabled is reported. The current state of the driver (what it thinks that it is doing with the device) is reported. If the driver knows the relative position from BOT (in terms of filemarks and records), it outputs that. Note that this information is not definitive (only BOT, End of Recorded Media, and hardware or SCSI logical block position (if the drive supports such) are considered definitive tape positions).
- Output (and clear) error status information about this device. For every normal operation (e.g., a read or a write) and every control operation (e.g,, a rewind), the driver stores up the last command executed and it is associated status and any residual counts (if any). This command retrieves and outputs this information. If possible, this also clears any latched error information.
- Output the current EOT filemark model. The model states how many filemarks will be written at close if a tape was being written.
- eod, eom
- Wind the tape to the end of the recorded data, typically after an EOF mark where another file may be written.
The following commands require an argument.
- Set the hardware block position. The argument is a hardware block number to which to position the tape. Some drives do not support this.
- Set the SCSI logical block position. The argument is a SCSI logical block number to which to position the tape. Some drives do not support this.
- Set the block size for the drive. The argument is the number of bytes per block, except 0 commands the drive to use variable-length blocks.
- Set the EOT filemark model to argument and output the old and new models. Typically this will be 2 filemarks, but some devices (typically QIC cartridge drives) can only write 1 filemark. You may only choose a value of 1 or 2.
Set the drive's compression mode. The non-numeric values of
- Turn compression off.
- Turn compression on.
- Same as off.
- Same as on.
- IBM Improved Data Recording Capability compression (0x10).
- DCLZ compression algorithm (0x20).
In addition to the above recognized compression keywords, the user can supply a numeric compression algorithm for the drive to use. In most cases, simply turning the compression ‘on’ will have the desired effect of enabling the default compression algorithm supported by the drive. If this is not the case (see the status display to see which compression algorithm is currently in use), the user can manually specify one of the supported compression keywords (above), or supply a numeric compression value from the drive's specifications.
- Set the density for the drive. For the density codes, see below. The density value could be given either numerically, or as a string, corresponding to the “Reference” field. If the string is abbreviated, it will be resolved in the order shown in the table, and the first matching entry will be used. If the given string and the resulting canonical density name do not match exactly, an informational message is output about what the given string has been taken for.
The following density table was taken from the ‘Historical sequential access density codes’ table (A-1) in Revision 11 of the SCSI-3 Stream Device Commands (SSC) working draft, dated November 11, 1997.
The density codes are:
0x0 default for device 0xE reserved for ECMA Value Width Tracks Density Code Type Reference Note mm in bpmm bpi 0x01 12.7 (0.5) 9 32 (800) NRZI R X3.22-1983 2 0x02 12.7 (0.5) 9 63 (1,600) PE R X3.39-1986 2 0x03 12.7 (0.5) 9 246 (6,250) GCR R X3.54-1986 2 0x05 6.3 (0.25) 4/9 315 (8,000) GCR C X3.136-1986 1 0x06 12.7 (0.5) 9 126 (3,200) PE R X3.157-1987 2 0x07 6.3 (0.25) 4 252 (6,400) IMFM C X3.116-1986 1 0x08 3.81 (0.15) 4 315 (8,000) GCR CS X3.158-1987 1 0x09 12.7 (0.5) 18 1,491 (37,871) GCR C X3.180 2 0x0A 12.7 (0.5) 22 262 (6,667) MFM C X3B5/86-199 1 0x0B 6.3 (0.25) 4 63 (1,600) PE C X3.56-1986 1 0x0C 12.7 (0.5) 24 500 (12,690) GCR C HI-TC1 1,6 0x0D 12.7 (0.5) 24 999 (25,380) GCR C HI-TC2 1,6 0x0F 6.3 (0.25) 15 394 (10,000) GCR C QIC-120 1,6 0x10 6.3 (0.25) 18 394 (10,000) GCR C QIC-150 1,6 0x11 6.3 (0.25) 26 630 (16,000) GCR C QIC-320 1,6 0x12 6.3 (0.25) 30 2,034 (51,667) RLL C QIC-1350 1,6 0x13 3.81 (0.15) 1 2,400 (61,000) DDS CS X3B5/88-185A 5 0x14 8.0 (0.315) 1 1,703 (43,245) RLL CS X3.202-1991 5 0x15 8.0 (0.315) 1 1,789 (45,434) RLL CS ECMA TC17 5 0x16 12.7 (0.5) 48 394 (10,000) MFM C X3.193-1990 1 0x17 12.7 (0.5) 48 1,673 (42,500) MFM C X3B5/91-174 1 0x18 12.7 (0.5) 112 1,673 (42,500) MFM C X3B5/92-50 1 0x19 12.7 (0.5) 128 2,460 (62,500) RLL C DLTapeIII 6,7 0x1A 12.7 (0.5) 128 3,214 (81,633) RLL C DLTapeIV(20) 6,7 0x1B 12.7 (0.5) 208 3,383 (85,937) RLL C DLTapeIV(35) 6,7 0x1C 6.3 (0.25) 34 1,654 (42,000) MFM C QIC-385M 1,6 0x1D 6.3 (0.25) 32 1,512 (38,400) GCR C QIC-410M 1,6 0x1E 6.3 (0.25) 30 1,385 (36,000) GCR C QIC-1000C 1,6 0x1F 6.3 (0.25) 30 2,666 (67,733) RLL C QIC-2100C 1,6 0x20 6.3 (0.25) 144 2,666 (67,733) RLL C QIC-6GB(M) 1,6 0x21 6.3 (0.25) 144 2,666 (67,733) RLL C QIC-20GB(C) 1,6 0x22 6.3 (0.25) 42 1,600 (40,640) GCR C QIC-2GB(C) ? 0x23 6.3 (0.25) 38 2,666 (67,733) RLL C QIC-875M ? 0x24 3.81 (0.15) 1 2,400 (61,000) CS DDS-2 5 0x25 3.81 (0.15) 1 3,816 (97,000) CS DDS-3 5 0x26 3.81 (0.15) 1 3,816 (97,000) CS DDS-4 5 0x27 8.0 (0.315) 1 3,056 (77,611) RLL CS Mammoth 5 0x28 12.7 (0.5) 36 1,491 (37,871) GCR C X3.224 1 0x29 12.7 (0.5) 0x2A 0x2B 12.7 (0.5) 3 ? ? ? C X3.267 5 0x41 12.7 (0.5) 208 3,868 (98,250) RLL C DLTapeIV(40) 6,7 0x48 12.7 (0.5) 448 5,236 (133,000) PRML C SDLTapeI(110) 6,8 0x49 12.7 (0.5) 448 7,598 (193,000) PRML C SDLTapeI(160) 6,8
Code Description Type Description ---- -------------------------------------- ---- ----------- NRZI Non return to zero, change on ones R Reel-to-reel GCR Group code recording C Cartridge PE Phase encoded CS Cassette IMFM Inverted modified frequency modulation MFM Modified frequency modulation DDS DAT data storage RLL Run length limited PRML Partial Response Maximum Likelihood
NOTES 1. Serial recorded. 2. Parallel recorded. 3. Old format known as QIC-11. 5. Helical scan. 6. This is not an American National Standard. The reference is based on an industry standard definition of the media format. 7. DLT recording: serially recorded track pairs (DLTapeIII and DLTapeIV(20)), or track quads (DLTapeIV(35) and DLTapeIV(40)). 8. Super DLT (SDLT) recording: 56 serially recorded logical tracks with 8 physical tracks each.
- This is the pathname of the tape drive. The default (if the variable is unset, but not if it is null) is /dev/nsa0. It may be overridden with the -f option.
- QIC-02/QIC-36 magnetic tape interface
- SCSI magnetic tape interface
DIAGNOSTICSThe exit status will be 0 when the drive operations were successful, 2 when the drive operations were unsuccessful, and 1 for other problems like an unrecognized command or a missing drive device.
COMPATIBILITYSome undocumented commands support old software.
HISTORYThe mt command appeared in 4.3BSD.
Extensions regarding the st(4) driver appeared in 386BSD-0.1 as a separate st command, and have been merged into the mt command in FreeBSD 2.1.
The former eof command that used to be a synonym for weof has been abandoned in FreeBSD 2.1 since it was often confused with eom, which is fairly dangerous.
BUGSThe utility cannot be interrupted or killed during a long erase (which can be longer than an hour), and it is easy to forget that the default erase is long.
Hardware block numbers do not always correspond to blocks on the tape when the drive uses internal compression.
Erasure is not guaranteed if the tape is not at its beginning.
Tape-related documentation is poor, here and elsewhere.
|January 20, 2008||FreeBSD|