LP(1) FreeBSD General Commands Manual LP(1)


lpfront-end to the print spooler


lp [ -cs][ -o option][ -d printer][ -n num][ name ...]


The lp utility is a front-end to the print spooler as required by the IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”) specification. It effectively invokes lpr(1) with the proper set of arguments.

It generally prints the named files on the destination printer.

The following options are available:

Make the lp command exit only after further access to any of the input files is no longer required. The application can then safely delete or modify the files without affecting the output operation.
-d dest
Specify a particular printer. If no -d is provided on the command line, the contents of the environment variables LPDEST or PRINTER (with this precedence) are taken as the destination printer.
Send mail upon completion.
-n num
Specify that num copies of each of the named files shall be printed.
-o option
Printer specific options. Not supported, provided only as a compatibility option for SVR.
Silent operation. Not supported, provided only as a compatibility option for Version 2 of the Single UNIX Specification (“SUSv2”).
-t title
Set the job title to title.


As described above, the variables LPDEST and PRINTER are examined to select the destination printer.




The lp command is expected to comply with the IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”) specification.


This implementation of the lp command has been written by Jörg Wunsch.


The IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”) specification does not provide any means to print non-text files. It rather requires the files to be printed to be text files limited to reasonable line lengths and printable characters.
January 22, 1995 FreeBSD