|GENSNMPTREE(1)||FreeBSD General Commands Manual||GENSNMPTREE(1)|
NAMEgensnmptree — generate C and header files from a MIB description file
|gensnmptree||[ -dEehlt][ -I directory][ -i infile][ -p prefix][ name ...]|
DESCRIPTIONThe gensnmptree utility is used to either generate C language tables and header files from a MIB description or to numeric OIDs from MIB descriptions. The first form is used only for maintaining the bsnmpd(1) daemon or for module writers. The second form may be used by SNMP client program writers.
If none of the options -e, -E or -t are used gensnmptree reads a MIB description from its standard input and creates two files: a C-file prefixtree.c containing a table used by bsnmpd(1) during PDU processing and a header file prefixtree.h containing appropriate declarations of the callback functions used in this table, the table itself and definitions for all enums.
The following options are available:
- Switch on debugging.
- Extract enumerations and bit constructs. In this mode the tool emits a header file that contains for each type given on the command line a C-enum definition and a preprocessor define that may be used to map values to strings.
gensnmptree expects MIB variable names (only the last component) on its command line. It reads a MIB specification from standard input and for each MIB variable name emits three C preprocessor defines on its standard output:
- OIDX_ name
This define can be used to initialize a
struct asn_oid in the following way:
const struct asn_oid oid_sysDescr = OIDX_sysDescr;
- OIDLEN_ name
- is the length of the OID.
- OID_ name
- is the last component of the OID.
- Print a short help page.
- -I directory
- Add the named directory to the include path just before the standard include directories.
- -i infile
- Read from the named file instead of standard input.
- Generate local preprocessor includes. This is used for bootstrapping bsnmpd(1).
- Instead of normal output print the resulting tree.
- -p prefix
- Prefix the file names and the table name with prefix.
MIBSThe syntax of the MIB description file can formally be specified as follows:
file := top | top file top := tree | typedef | include tree := head elements ')' entry := head ':' index STRING elements ')' leaf := head type STRING ACCESS ')' column := head type ACCESS ')' type := BASETYPE | BASETYPE '|' subtype | enum | bits subtype := STRING enum := ENUM '(' value ')' bits := BITS '(' value ')' value := INT STRING | INT STRING value head := '(' INT STRING elements := EMPTY | elements element element := tree | leaf | column index := type | index type typedef := 'typedef' STRING type include := 'include' filespec filespec := '"' STRING '"' | '<' STRING '>'
BASETYPE specifies a SNMP data type and may be one of
- INTEGER32 (same as INTEGER)
- UNSIGNED32 (same as GAUGE)
ACCESS specifies the accessibility of the MIB variable (which operation can be performed) and is one of
INT is a decimal integer and STRING is any string starting with a letter or underscore and consisting of letters, digits, underscores and minuses, that is not one of the keywords.
The typedef directive associates a type with a single name.
The include directive is replaced by the contents of the named file.
EXAMPLESThe following MIB description describes the system group:
include "tc.def" typedef AdminStatus ENUM ( 1 up 2 down ) (1 internet (2 mgmt (1 mibII (1 system (1 sysDescr OCTETSTRING op_system_group GET) (2 sysObjectId OID op_system_group GET) (3 sysUpTime TIMETICKS op_system_group GET) (4 sysContact OCTETSTRING op_system_group GET SET) (5 sysName OCTETSTRING op_system_group GET SET) (6 sysLocation OCTETSTRING op_system_group GET SET) (7 sysServices INTEGER op_system_group GET) (8 sysORLastChange TIMETICKS op_system_group GET) (9 sysORTable (1 sysOREntry : INTEGER op_or_table (1 sysORIndex INTEGER) (2 sysORID OID GET) (3 sysORDescr OCTETSTRING GET) (4 sysORUpTime TIMETICKS GET) )) ) ) ) )
|May 26, 2006||FreeBSD|