This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.


pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock - lock a read-write lock for reading


#include <pthread.h>
#include <time.h>
int pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(pthread_rwlock_t *restrict rwlock ,
       const struct timespec *restrict abs_timeout );


The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function shall apply a read lock to the read-write lock referenced by rwlock as in the pthread_rwlock_rdlock() function. However, if the lock cannot be acquired without waiting for other threads to unlock the lock, this wait shall be terminated when the specified timeout expires. The timeout shall expire when the absolute time specified by abs_timeout passes, as measured by the clock on which timeouts are based (that is, when the value of that clock equals or exceeds abs_timeout), or if the absolute time specified by abs_timeout has already been passed at the time of the call.

If the Timers option is supported, the timeout shall be based on the CLOCK_REALTIME clock. If the Timers option is not supported, the timeout shall be based on the system clock as returned by the time() function. The resolution of the timeout shall be the resolution of the clock on which it is based. The timespec data type is defined in the <time.h> header. Under no circumstances shall the function fail with a timeout if the lock can be acquired immediately. The validity of the abs_timeout parameter need not be checked if the lock can be immediately acquired.

If a signal that causes a signal handler to be executed is delivered to a thread blocked on a read-write lock via a call to pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock(), upon return from the signal handler the thread shall resume waiting for the lock as if it was not interrupted.

The calling thread may deadlock if at the time the call is made it holds a write lock on rwlock. The results are undefined if this function is called with an uninitialized read-write lock.


The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function shall return zero if the lock for reading on the read-write lock object referenced by rwlock is acquired. Otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.


The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function shall fail if:
The lock could not be acquired before the specified timeout expired.

The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function may fail if:

The read lock could not be acquired because the maximum number of read locks for lock would be exceeded.
The calling thread already holds a write lock on rwlock.
The value specified by rwlock does not refer to an initialized read-write lock object, or the abs_timeout nanosecond value is less than zero or greater than or equal to 1000 million.

This function shall not return an error code of [EINTR].

The following sections are informative.




Applications using this function may be subject to priority inversion, as discussed in the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 3.285, Priority Inversion.

The pthread_rwlock_timedrdlock() function is part of the Threads and Timeouts options and need not be provided on all implementations.






pthread_rwlock_destroy(), pthread_rwlock_rdlock(), pthread_rwlock_timedwrlock(), pthread_rwlock_tryrdlock(), pthread_rwlock_trywrlock(), pthread_rwlock_unlock(), pthread_rwlock_wrlock(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <pthread.h>, <time.h>


Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
2003 IEEE/The Open Group