SCALBLN(3)
 SCALBLN(3) Linux Programmer's Manual SCALBLN(3)

NAME

scalbn, scalbnf, scalbnl, scalbln, scalblnf, scalblnl - multiply floating-point number by integral power of radix

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double scalbln(double x , long int exp );

float scalblnf(float x , long int exp );

long double scalblnl(long double x , long int exp );

double scalbn(double x , int exp );

float scalbnf(float x , int exp );

long double scalbnl(long double x , int exp );

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

scalbln(), scalblnf(), scalblnl():
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;

or cc -std=c99

scalbn(), scalbnf(), scalbnl():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;

or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION

These functions multiply their first argument x by FLT_RADIX (probably 2) to the power of exp, that is:

x * FLT_RADIX ** exp

The definition of FLT_RADIX can be obtained by including <float.h>.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return x * FLT_RADIX ** exp.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is positive infinity (negative infinity), positive infinity (negative infinity) is returned.

If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with a sign the same as x.

If the result underflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return zero, with a sign the same as x.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Range error, overflow
An overflow floating-point exception ( FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
Range error, underflow
An underflow floating-point exception ( FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.

VERSIONS

These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.

ATTRIBUTES

The scalbn(), scalbnf(), scalbnl(), scalbln(), scalblnf(), and scalblnl() functions are thread-safe.

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES

These functions differ from the obsolete functions described in scalb(3) in the type of their second argument. The functions described on this page have a second argument of an integral type, while those in scalb(3) have a second argument of type double.

If FLT_RADIX equals 2 (which is usual), then scalbn() is equivalent to ldexp(3).