|ISALPHA(3)||Linux Programmer's Manual||ISALPHA(3)|
NAMEisalnum, isalpha, isascii, isblank, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower, isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit - character classification routines
int isalnum(int c );
int isalpha(int c );
int isascii(int c );
int isblank(int c );
int iscntrl(int c );
int isdigit(int c );
int isgraph(int c );
int islower(int c );
int isprint(int c );
int ispunct(int c );
int isspace(int c );
int isupper(int c );
int isxdigit(int c );
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCEisblank():
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;or cc -std=c99
DESCRIPTIONThese functions check whether c, which must have the value of an unsigned char or EOF, falls into a certain character class according to the current locale.
- checks for an alphanumeric character; it is equivalent to (isalpha( c ) || isdigit( c )) .
- checks for an alphabetic character; in the standard "C" locale, it is equivalent to (isupper( c ) || islower( c )) . In some locales, there may be additional characters for which isalpha() is true—letters which are neither upper case nor lower case.
- checks whether c is a 7-bit unsigned char value that fits into the ASCII character set.
- checks for a blank character; that is, a space or a tab.
- checks for a control character.
- checks for a digit (0 through 9).
- checks for any printable character except space.
- checks for a lower-case character.
- checks for any printable character including space.
- checks for any printable character which is not a space or an alphanumeric character.
- checks for white-space characters. In the "C" and "POSIX" locales, these are: space, form-feed ( '\f'), newline ( '\n'), carriage return ( '\r'), horizontal tab ( '\t'), and vertical tab ( '\v').
- checks for an uppercase letter.
checks for a hexadecimal digits, that is, one of
RETURN VALUEThe values returned are nonzero if the character c falls into the tested class, and a zero value if not.
CONFORMING TOC99, 4.3BSD. C89 specifies all of these functions except isascii() and isblank(). isascii() is a BSD extension and is also an SVr4 extension. isblank() conforms to POSIX.1-2001 and C99 184.108.40.206. POSIX.1-2008 marks isascii() as obsolete, noting that it cannot be used portably in a localized application.
NOTESThe details of what characters belong into which class depend on the current locale. For example, isupper() will not recognize an A-umlaut (Ä) as an uppercase letter in the default C locale.
SEE ALSOiswalnum(3), iswalpha(3), iswblank(3), iswcntrl(3), iswdigit(3), iswgraph(3), iswlower(3), iswprint(3), iswpunct(3), iswspace(3), iswupper(3), iswxdigit(3), setlocale(3), toascii(3), tolower(3), toupper(3), ascii(7), locale(7)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.