|LISTEN(2)||Linux Programmer's Manual||LISTEN(2)|
NAMElisten - listen for connections on a socket
#include <sys/types.h> /* See NOTES */
int listen(int sockfd , int backlog );
DESCRIPTIONlisten() marks the socket referred to by sockfd as a passive socket, that is, as a socket that will be used to accept incoming connection requests using accept(2).
RETURN VALUEOn success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
- Another socket is already listening on the same port.
- The argument sockfd is not a valid descriptor.
- The argument sockfd is not a socket.
- The socket is not of a type that supports the listen() operation.
CONFORMING TO4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001. The listen() function call first appeared in 4.2BSD.
NOTESTo accept connections, the following steps are performed:
- A socket is created with socket(2).
- The socket is bound to a local address using bind(2), so that other sockets may be connect(2)ed to it.
- A willingness to accept incoming connections and a queue limit for incoming connections are specified with listen().
- Connections are accepted with accept(2).
POSIX.1-2001 does not require the inclusion of <sys/types.h>, and this header file is not required on Linux. However, some historical (BSD) implementations required this header file, and portable applications are probably wise to include it.
The behavior of the backlog argument on TCP sockets changed with Linux 2.2. Now it specifies the queue length for completely established sockets waiting to be accepted, instead of the number of incomplete connection requests. The maximum length of the queue for incomplete sockets can be set using /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_max_syn_backlog. When syncookies are enabled there is no logical maximum length and this setting is ignored. See tcp(7) for more information.
If the backlog argument is greater than the value in /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn, then it is silently truncated to that value; the default value in this file is 128. In kernels before 2.4.25, this limit was a hard coded value, SOMAXCONN, with the value 128.
SEE ALSOaccept(2), bind(2), connect(2), socket(2), socket(7)
COLOPHONThis page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.