EN JA
<fcntl.h>(0P)
<fcntl.h>(0P) POSIX Programmer's Manual <fcntl.h>(0P)

NAME

fcntl.h - file control options

SYNOPSIS

#include <fcntl.h>

DESCRIPTION

The <fcntl.h> header shall define the following requests and arguments for use by the functions fcntl() and open().

Values for cmd used by fcntl() (the following values are unique) are as follows:

F_DUPFD
Duplicate file descriptor.
F_GETFD
Get file descriptor flags.
F_SETFD
Set file descriptor flags.
F_GETFL
Get file status flags and file access modes.
F_SETFL
Set file status flags.
F_GETLK
Get record locking information.
F_SETLK
Set record locking information.
F_SETLKW
Set record locking information; wait if blocked.
F_GETOWN
Get process or process group ID to receive SIGURG signals.
F_SETOWN
Set process or process group ID to receive SIGURG signals.
 

File descriptor flags used for fcntl() are as follows:

FD_CLOEXEC
Close the file descriptor upon execution of an exec family function.
 

Values for l_type used for record locking with fcntl() (the following values are unique) are as follows:

F_RDLCK
Shared or read lock.
F_UNLCK
Unlock.
F_WRLCK
Exclusive or write lock.
 

The values used for l_whence, SEEK_SET, SEEK_CUR, and SEEK_END shall be defined as described in <unistd.h> .

The following values are file creation flags and are used in the oflag value to open(). They shall be bitwise-distinct.

O_CREAT
Create file if it does not exist.
O_EXCL
Exclusive use flag.
O_NOCTTY
Do not assign controlling terminal.
O_TRUNC
Truncate flag.
 

File status flags used for open() and fcntl() are as follows:

O_APPEND
Set append mode.
O_DSYNC
Write according to synchronized I/O data integrity completion.
O_NONBLOCK
Non-blocking mode.
O_RSYNC
Synchronized read I/O operations.
O_SYNC
Write according to synchronized I/O file integrity completion.
 

Mask for use with file access modes is as follows:

O_ACCMODE
Mask for file access modes.
 

File access modes used for open() and fcntl() are as follows:

O_RDONLY
Open for reading only.
O_RDWR
Open for reading and writing.
O_WRONLY
Open for writing only.
 

The symbolic names for file modes for use as values of mode_t shall be defined as described in <sys/stat.h> .

Values for advice used by posix_fadvise() are as follows:

POSIX_FADV_NORMAL
 
The application has no advice to give on its behavior with respect to the specified data. It is the default characteristic if no advice is given for an open file.
POSIX_FADV_SEQUENTIAL
 
The application expects to access the specified data sequentially from lower offsets to higher offsets.
POSIX_FADV_RANDOM
 
The application expects to access the specified data in a random order.
POSIX_FADV_WILLNEED
 
The application expects to access the specified data in the near future.
POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED
 
The application expects that it will not access the specified data in the near future.
POSIX_FADV_NOREUSE
 
The application expects to access the specified data once and then not reuse it thereafter.
 

The structure flock describes a file lock. It shall include the following members:

 


short l_type Type of lock; F_RDLCK, F_WRLCK, F_UNLCK.
short l_whence Flag for starting offset.
off_t l_start Relative offset in bytes.
off_t l_len Size; if 0 then until EOF.
pid_t l_pid Process ID of the process holding the lock; returned with F_GETLK.

The mode_t, off_t, and pid_t types shall be defined as described in <sys/types.h> .

The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

 


int creat(const char *, mode_t);
int fcntl(int, int, ...);
int open(const char *, int, ...);


int posix_fadvise(int, off_t, size_t, int);
int posix_fallocate(int, off_t, size_t);



Inclusion of the <fcntl.h> header may also make visible all symbols from <sys/stat.h> and <unistd.h>.

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE

None.

RATIONALE

None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.

SEE ALSO

<sys/stat.h>, <sys/types.h>, <unistd.h>, the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, creat(), exec, fcntl(), open(), posix_fadvise(), posix_fallocate(), posix_madvise()

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
2003 IEEE/The Open Group