|STRCPY(3)||FreeBSD Library Functions Manual||STRCPY(3)|
NAMEstpcpy, stpncpy, strcpy, strncpy — copy strings
LIBRARYStandard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS#include < string.h>
stpcpy( char * restrict dst, const char * restrict src);
stpncpy( char * restrict dst, const char * restrict src, size_t len);
strcpy( char * restrict dst, const char * restrict src);
strncpy( char * restrict dst, const char * restrict src, size_t len);
DESCRIPTIONThe stpcpy() and strcpy() functions copy the string src to dst (including the terminating ‘
The stpncpy() and strncpy() functions copy at most len characters from src into dst. If src is less than len characters long, the remainder of dst is filled with ‘
\0’ characters. Otherwise, dst is not terminated.
RETURN VALUESThe strcpy() and strncpy() functions return dst. The stpcpy() and stpncpy() functions return a pointer to the terminating ‘
\0’ character of dst. If stpncpy() does not terminate dst with a NUL character, it instead returns a pointer to
dst[n](which does not necessarily refer to a valid memory location.)
EXAMPLESThe following sets chararray to “
char chararray; (void)strncpy(chararray, "abc", sizeof(chararray));
The following sets chararray to “
char chararray; (void)strncpy(chararray, "abcdefgh", sizeof(chararray));
Note that it does not NUL terminate chararray because the length of the source string is greater than or equal to the length argument.
The following copies as many characters from input to buf as will fit and NUL terminates the result. Because strncpy() does not guarantee to NUL terminate the string itself, this must be done explicitly.
char buf; (void)strncpy(buf, input, sizeof(buf) - 1); buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';
This could be better achieved using strlcpy(3), as shown in the following example:
(void)strlcpy(buf, input, sizeof(buf));
Note that because strlcpy(3) is not defined in any standards, it should only be used when portability is not a concern.
STANDARDSThe strcpy() and strncpy() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (“ISO C90”). The stpcpy() and stpncpy() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (“POSIX.1”).
HISTORYThe stpcpy() function first appeared in FreeBSD 4.4, and stpncpy() was added in FreeBSD 8.0.
SECURITY CONSIDERATIONSThe strcpy() function is easily misused in a manner which enables malicious users to arbitrarily change a running program's functionality through a buffer overflow attack.
|February 28, 2009||FreeBSD|